یک پردیس

  1. Autobiographical memories are typically self-referential, interpersonal, and emotional.
  2. They are interpretations of our past experiences, involving both episodic memory and semantic knowledge.
  3. Films portray autobiographical remembering by means of flashback, a cinematic device in which a scene from the present shifts to a scene from the past, as a character tells a story.
  4. Our life stories often follow narrative scripts, including people, places, and events, in which we play the central role.
  5. In telling these stories, we use three types of knowledge: lifetime periods – a broad period of life such as my child hood measured in years – general events – a recurring event such as playing baseball with my friends measured in days, weeks, or months – and event-specific memories – a particular event such as going to New York with my dad measured in seconds, minutes, or hours.
  6. Although imperfect, these life stories are more fact than fiction.
  7. Characters in films have the power to move us to laughter or tears.
  8. Where does this emotional power come from? Neuroscientists suggest that mirror neurons in the brain may be the source of this empathy we experience in movies.
  9. They help us understand a story by simulating in the brain emotions expressed on screen.
  10. Even though we are only watching a movie, we respond like real life.
  11. Our inability to recall events from the first few years of life – due to incomplete brain developments, cognitive development, language acquisition, and culture – is called infantile or childhood amnesia.
  12. Conversely, we are especially good at remembering positive experiences that occurred during our late adolescence or early adulthood, a worldwide phenomenon that is called the reminiscence bump.
  13. Following a momentous event, we often confidently believe that our memory of that event remains vivid and stable over time. However, these memories, called flashbulb memories, frequently show numerous detail changes over time in remembering an unusual event.
  14. The exception seems to be momentous events that we personally lived through.
  15. These event memories can remain consistent over time.
  16. Whether through written memoirs or memory books containing family pictures and stories, people have sought to pass down their values and traditions to their children.
  17. It is a way for one generation to give their knowledge and wisdom to the next generation after they are gone.
  18. This passing of memories across generations may be autobiographical memory’s most cherished function.
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