یک پردیس

  1. Amnesia is often inaccurately portrayed in movies.
  2. This memory impairment can make it difficult to remember old memories (retrograde loss) or hard to produce new memories (anterograde loss).
  3. Functional amnesia is thought to have a psychological origin, whereas organic amnesia has a biological basis.
  4. Most commonly used memory aids and strategies following a brain injury include wall calendar, notebook, list, appointment diary, and asking others to remind.
  5. Brain damage from a concussion can produce temporary or permanent organic amnesia.
  6. Human memory involves a collection of independent systems, including working memoryepisodic memorysemantic memory, and procedural memory.
  7. Working memory enables us to keep thoughts in mind.
  8. Episodic memory enables us to acquire and remember lifetime experiences.
  9. Semantic memory maintains our acquired knowledge.
  10. Procedural memory enables us to learn and perform skilled actions.
  11. Working memory involves short-term retention; the other three involving long-term retention.
  12. These memory systems typically function seamlessly together, with little direction or input on our part.
  13. Remembering is more reconstructive than reproductive in nature.
  14. Our memory is a record of our interpretations of past experiences, not literal copies or snapshots of prior events.
  15. These interpretations are influenced by a host of factors including our prior knowledge, motives and goals, beliefs, their subjective qualities, and the social context.
  16. Henry Roediger says: “A memory illusion occurs when a rememberer’s report of a past event seriously deviates from the event’s actual occurrence.”
  17. Because we do not store perfect copies of the past, we can use our own interpretations of past events to plan the future.
  18. Stories have been used since ancient times to pass down wisdom and knowledge.
  19. Not merely used for entertainment, stories allow us to imagine how we might respond to similar challenges to imagine how we might respond to similar challenges in the future.
  20. Stories told in movies can be informative and entertaining, if you watch with an educated eye.
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